High Accident Risk Among Novice Drivers
Author: Matthias Gaul
The DEKRA Road Safety Report 2022 deals with the “Mobility of Young People”. In it, DEKRA presents solutions to ensure that fewer 15- to 24-year-old traffic participants worldwide will be involved in accidents in the future.
- Particularly dangerous behaviors such as drunk and drugged driving, distraction by smartphones, or excessive speeding must be consistently checked and punished.
- An absolute ban on drinking and driving must apply to novice drivers everywhere. Experience in various countries, including Germany, proves its effectiveness.
- The degree of dissemination and use of telematics-based feedback systems must be increased.
- Young male novice drivers pose a far above-average risk to themselves and others. This group must be given special attention in road safety work – even before the start of driver training.
- The multi-stage acquisition of the driver’s license has proven itself in many places and should therefore be introduced in more countries.
- Only a transparent, standardized, and high-quality theoretical and practical test for obtaining a driver’s license, independent of driving schools, ensures the necessary quality standard in driver training.
- The handling of driver assistance systems and automated driving functions must be taught everywhere during driving training, but the limits of these systems must also be made clear. Ideally, the safe use of these systems should also become part of the driving test.
- Practical driving training must be as comprehensive as possible with regard to road characteristics (inner-city, narrow country roads, highway) and lighting conditions (night driving) in all countries.
- Considering the fact that many young people have fatal accidents on rural roads, the primary goal must be self-explanatory roads with error-forgiving side space design, when constructing such new roads or making road design changes.
- The functionality of mechanical and electronic components of vehicle safety systems must be guaranteed throughout a vehicle’s life. The contents of periodic motor vehicle monitoring must be adjusted accordingly on a regular basis.