Planning Freedom in New Development Districts
“Our goal is to plan spaces and areas in advance in such a way that supplying residents and traders can happen in the best possible way,” explains Götz Bopp, who supervised the study in his role as Department Head for Urban Traffic and City Logistics at the Chamber of Industry and Commerce. One conceivable solution is a neighborhood supermarket that relocates its receiving area to the basement. This would allow the open space between buildings to be kept completely free of traffic. Parking and underground garages could also serve as overnight parking spaces for cargo bikes that make their rounds during the day. A neighborhood logistics management system would control all movement so that vehicles, routes, parking spaces, and transshipment points are optimally utilized.
Solutions for Older Existing Neighborhoods Are Worth Their Weight in Gold
On the other hand, planning freedom tends to hit its limits when it comes to city logistics in older existing neighborhoods. Of course, urban planners and architects are also struggling to find solutions here – often with the goal of alleviating the greatest pressure and pain points. We need smart and creative solutions that require only a low level of implementation effort. One building block is undoubtedly the cargo bike, which requires an infrastructure with micro-hubs. But perhaps ordinary pedestrians could also get involved as parcel messengers on their daily commute? The Vienna University of Technology investigated precisely this approach a few years ago in the “GutZuFuß” (which translates as “good walker”) project. The idea sounds charming: An app helps the shipper and the potential small goods carrier, on whose route the desired pickup and delivery point are located, to find each other. However, the project ultimately showed that a critical mass of participants is difficult to achieve.