The life-size anthropomorphic test devices, as dummies are officially known, have become increasingly lifelike and sophisticated since their introduction in 1949. Today, DEKRA’s crash experts have a whole family of dummies at their disposal – first and foremost the 50-percent-man with a height of 1.75 meters and a weight of 78 kilograms. In addition, there’s the 1.88 meter tall 95-percent-man weighing 101 kilograms, the 1.52 meter tall 5-percent-woman weighing 54 kilograms, as well as children’s dummies in several sizes and weight classes.
“We thus cover a wide range of scenarios and, with the help of up to 250 sensors now integrated into the dummies, gain important information about how a car accident can affect the various parts of a person’s body in reality,” says Thilo Wackenroder, who heads the DEKRA Crash Test Center in Neumünster. In recent years, the biofidelity of the dummies in particular has increased. In other words, the behavior of the human body in an accident is being mapped more and more meaningfully by advanced dummy technology.
More than 150 times a year, the test engineers in Neumünster run crash tests according to all current national and international standards. The center in Neumünster carries out crash tests for occupant protection in accordance with Euro NCAP, US NCAP, and other international consumer standards. In addition to the facility on the outdoor grounds, another indoor crash facility is also available, in which DEKRA crashes electric vehicles and vehicles with gas or hydrogen drive systems into the wall, regardless of the weather.