Information Related to the Manufacturing of Disinfection Products

Process safety risks of the manufacture of disinfection liquids

These days, a number of companies are pitching in to help in the effort against COVID-19. We have seen every organization that can manufacture disinfection fluids doing so, from perfume companies to university laboratories. This is a commendable effort that, of course, we all are thankful for.

Process safety risks of the manufacture of disinfection liquids

Safe production of disinfectants to fight COVID-19

On the other hand, we have learned over time that almost any activity has an associated process safety risk. In this case the most obvious hazard is the high content of flammable liquids such as ethanol and other light alcohols in disinfection products. We need to remember that these liquids, even at ambient temperature, can evaporate and form flammable atmospheres when vapors mix with air. Such flammable liquids must be handled in facilities specifically designed for this purpose, and the risks involved must be thoroughly assessed.

Furthermore, the handling of flammable products is regulated in all industrialized countries. For instance, in the European Union the ATEX Directives set these standards, in the United Kingdom it is the Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations (DSEAR) and in the United States and other countries, the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) standards. All of these regulations attempt to:

  • Prevent the formation of a flammable explosive whenever possible.
  • Ensure that no effective ignition source is simultaneously present if a flammable atmosphere is unavoidable.
  • Take all needed technical precautions to avoid harm to people if the concurrence of an explosible atmosphere and an ignition source cannot be guaranteed.

In some cases, compliance with standards and regulations is not enough, and a more detailed analysis, such as a Hazard and Operability Study (HAZOP) or Process Hazard Analysis (PHA) might be required to properly assess and give assurance to the safety of the process.

Companies can rely on our international network of experts for support in finding the quickest and most cost-efficient way to convert your facilities to handle flammable materials, including verification of compliance with applicable standards and regulations.

Why DEKRA?

  • We are explosion protection experts.
  • We have the resources to accommodate your explosion safety needs and requests.
  • We specialize in topics related to ATEX, NFPA and hazardous area classification.

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Germany Authorizes Certain Disinfection Products

Expert advice for safe disinfectant manufacturing

As a reaction to the high consumption of hand disinfection products, the german Federal Office for Chemicals ‘BfC’ has published extraordinary authorizations for the placing on the market of certain formulations for hand disinfection. As a consequence, companies from the chemical industry are allowed to place these products on the german market.
Link to further information (GERMAN ONLY).

However, these extraordinary authorizations are quite limited in scope. DEKRA supports with implementing requirements coming from relevant regulations as biocides regulations, CLP, REACH, etc.

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